Organic Pastures is a 400-acre farm on the outskirts of

Organic Pastures is a 400-acre farm on the outskirts of the Kentucky Bluegrass, specializing in the boarding of broodmares and their foals. A recent economic downturn in the thoroughbred industry has led to a decline in breeding activities, and it has made the boarding business extremely competitive. To meet the competition, Organic Pastures planned in 2012 to entertain clients, advertise more extensively, and absorb expenses formerly paid by clients such as veterinary and blacksmith fees.

The budget report for 2012 is presented below. As shown, the static income statement budget for the year is based on an expected 21,900 boarding days at $25 per mare. The variable expenses per mare per day were budgeted: Feed $5, Veterinary fees $3, Blacksmith fees $0.30, and Supplies $0.55. All other budgeted expenses were either semi-fixed or fixed.

During the year, management decided not to replace a worker who quit in March, but it did issue a new advertising brochure and did more entertaining of clients.1

ORGANIC PASTURES Static Budget Income Statement Year Ended December 31, 2012 Master Actual Budget Difference Number of m

1Data for this case are based on Hans Sprohge and John Talbott, "New Applications for Variance Analysis," Journal of Accountancy (AICPA, New York), April 1989, pp. 137–141.
With the class divided into groups, answer the following.
(a) Based on the static budget report:
(1) What was the primary cause(s) of the loss in net income?
(2) Did management do a good, average, or poor job of controlling expenses?
(3) Were management's decisions to stay competitive sound?
(b) Prepare a flexible budget report for the year based on boarding days.
(c) Based on the flexible budget report, answer the three questions in part (a) above.
(d) What course of action do you recommend for the management of Organic Pastures ?