# 124 Accuracy of software effort estimates. Periodically, software engineers must provide estimates of their effort in developing...

## Question:

124 Accuracy of software effort estimates. Periodically, software engineers must provide estimates of their effort in developing new software. In the Journal of Empirical Software Engineering (Vol. 9, 2004), multiple regression was used to predict the accuracy of these effort estimates.

The dependent variable, defined as the relative error in estimating effort, y = (Actual effort-Estimated effort)>(Actual effort)

was determined for each in a sample of n = 49 software development tasks. Eight independent variables were evaluated as potential predictors of relative error using stepwise regression. Each of these was formulated as a dummy variable, as shown in the table

**a.** In step 1 of the stepwise regression, how many different one-variable models are fitted to the data?

**b.** In step 1, the variable x 1 is selected as the “best”

one-variable predictor. How is this determined?

**c.** In step 2 of the stepwise regression, how many different two-variable models (where x 1 is one of the variables) are fitted to the data?

**d.** The only two variables selected for entry into the stepwise regression model were x 1 and x 8 . The stepwise regression yielded the following prediction equation:

yn = .12 - .28x1 + .27x8 Give a practical interpretation of the b estimates multiplied by x 1 and x 8 .

**e.** Why should a researcher be wary of using the model, part d , as the final model for predicting effort ( y )?

## Step by Step Answer:

**Related Book For**