Refer to Exercise 4.117.Probability played a role in the rigging

Refer to Exercise 4.117.

Probability played a role in the rigging of the April 24, 1980, Pennsylvania state lottery. To determine each digit of the three-digit winning number, each of the numbers 0, 1, 2, . . . , 9 is written on a Ping-Pong ball, the 10 balls are blown into a compartment, and the number selected for the digit is the one on the ball that floats to the top of the machine. To alter the odds, the conspirators injected a liquid into all balls used in the game except those numbered 4 and 6, making it almost certain that the lighter balls would be selected and determine the digits in the winning number. They then proceeded to buy lottery tickets bearing the potential winning numbers. How many potential winning numbers were there (666 was the eventual winner)?


Hours after the rigging of the Pennsylvania state lottery was announced on September 19, 1980, Connecticut state lottery officials were stunned to learn that their winning number for the day was 666.

a. All evidence indicates that the Connecticut selection of 666 was pure chance. What is the probability that a 666 would be drawn in Connecticut, given that a 666 had been selected in the April 24, 1980, Pennsylvania lottery?

b. What is the probability of drawing a 666 in the April 24, 1980, Pennsylvania lottery (remember, this drawing was rigged) and a 666 on the September 19, 1980, Connecticut lottery?



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