Refer to the study of the relationship between the “sweetness” of orange juice (measured as an index) and the amount of water soluble pectin (parts per million) used in the manufacturing process, Exercise 10.12. You used simple linear regression to predict sweetness index (y) from pectin amount (x). Conduct a residual analysis for this model that will provide in-sight into the validity of the standard regression assumptions on the random error, . Do you recommend any model modifications?

**Data from Exercise 10.12**

The quality of the orange juice produced by a manufacturer (e.g., Minute Maid, Tropicana) is constantly monitored. There are numerous sensory and chemical components that combine to make the best tasting orange juice. For example, one manufacturer has developed a quantitative index of the “sweetness” of orange juice (the higher the index, the sweeter the juice). Is there a relationship between the sweetness index and a chemical measure such as the amount of water-soluble pectin (parts per million) in the orange juice? Data collected on these two variables for 24 production runs at a juice manufacturing plant are shown in the next table. Suppose a manufacturer wants to use simple linear regression to predict the sweetness (y) from the amount of pectin (x).