1. What is the chief characteristic of first principles, both of demonstration and of practical reason?
2. What is the difference between something being self-evident in itself and self-evident to us?
3. What is the first principle of demonstration and on what is it founded?
4. What is the first thing that falls under the apprehension of practical reason? And thus what is its first principle on which all the principles of natural law are based?
5. How does one determine whether something is good or evil, according to Aquinas? Give some of his examples.
6. What is the natural function of the human as human? How is this related to natural law? To virtue?
7. What is the key difference in terms of certitude between principles of speculative and of practical reason? Is there a difference here between principles and conclusions?
8. Explain Aquinas’s purpose in discussing whether we ought to repay debts or restore belongings to someone.
9. What types of things prevent people from agreeing in their moral judgments about particulars?
10. What does Aquinas want to show by the example of murder as opposed to punishment?
11. How does Aquinas believe that we should decide which laws are just?