# Question

Five years ago, Kennedy Trucking Company was considering the purchase of 60 new diesel trucks that were 15 percent more fuel-efficient than the ones the firm is now using. Mr. Hoffman, the president, had found that the company uses an average of 10 million gallons of diesel fuel per year at a price of $1.25 per gallon. If he can cut fuel consumption by 15 percent, he will save $1,875,000 per year (1,500,000 gallons times $1.25).

Mr. Hoffman assumed that the price of diesel fuel is an external market force that he cannot control and that any increased costs of fuel will be passed on to the shipper through higher rates endorsed by the Interstate Commerce Commission. If this is true, then fuel efficiency would save more money as the price of diesel fuel rises (at $1.35 per gallon, he would save $2,025,000 in total if he buys the new trucks). Mr. Hoffman has come up with two possible forecasts shown next—each of which he feels has about a 50 percent chance of coming true. Under assumption number 1, diesel prices will stay relatively low; under assumption number 2, diesel prices will rise considerably. Sixty new trucks will cost Kennedy Trucking $5 million. Under a special provision from the Interstate Commerce Commission, the allowable depreciation will be 25 percent in year 1, 38 percent in year 2, and 37 percent in year 3. The firm has a tax rate of 40 percent and a cost of capital of 10 percent.

a. First, compute the yearly expected price of diesel fuel for both assumption 1 (relatively low prices) and assumption 2 (high prices) from the forecasts that follow.

Forecast for assumption 1 (low fuel prices):

b. What will be the dollar savings in diesel expenses each year for assumption 1 and for assumption 2?

c. Find the increased cash flow after taxes for both forecasts.

d. Compute the net present value of the truck purchases for each fuel forecast assumption and the combined net present value (that is, weigh the NPV by .5).

e. If you were Mr. Hoffman, would you go ahead with this capital investment?

f. How sensitive to fuel prices is this capitalinvestment?

Mr. Hoffman assumed that the price of diesel fuel is an external market force that he cannot control and that any increased costs of fuel will be passed on to the shipper through higher rates endorsed by the Interstate Commerce Commission. If this is true, then fuel efficiency would save more money as the price of diesel fuel rises (at $1.35 per gallon, he would save $2,025,000 in total if he buys the new trucks). Mr. Hoffman has come up with two possible forecasts shown next—each of which he feels has about a 50 percent chance of coming true. Under assumption number 1, diesel prices will stay relatively low; under assumption number 2, diesel prices will rise considerably. Sixty new trucks will cost Kennedy Trucking $5 million. Under a special provision from the Interstate Commerce Commission, the allowable depreciation will be 25 percent in year 1, 38 percent in year 2, and 37 percent in year 3. The firm has a tax rate of 40 percent and a cost of capital of 10 percent.

a. First, compute the yearly expected price of diesel fuel for both assumption 1 (relatively low prices) and assumption 2 (high prices) from the forecasts that follow.

Forecast for assumption 1 (low fuel prices):

b. What will be the dollar savings in diesel expenses each year for assumption 1 and for assumption 2?

c. Find the increased cash flow after taxes for both forecasts.

d. Compute the net present value of the truck purchases for each fuel forecast assumption and the combined net present value (that is, weigh the NPV by .5).

e. If you were Mr. Hoffman, would you go ahead with this capital investment?

f. How sensitive to fuel prices is this capitalinvestment?

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