In this project, you are to provide an analysis of alternative accounting methods for controlling interest investments and subsequent effects on consolidated reporting. The project requires the use of a computer and a spreadsheet software package (e.g., Microsoft Excel®, etc.). The use of these tools allows you to assess the sensitivity of alternative accounting methods on consolidated financial reporting without preparing several similar worksheets by hand. Also, by modeling a worksheet process, you can develop a better understanding of accounting for combined reporting entities. Consolidated Worksheet Preparation You will be creating and entering formulas to complete four worksheets. The first objective is to demonstrate the effect of different methods of accounting for the investments (equity, initial value, and partial equity) on the parent company’s trial balance and on the consolidated worksheet subsequent to acquisition. The second objective is to show the effect on consolidated balances and key financial ratios of recognizing a goodwill impairment loss. The project requires preparation of the following four separate worksheets: a. Consolidated information worksheet (follows). b. Equity method consolidation worksheet. c. Initial value method consolidation worksheet. d. Partial equity method consolidation worksheet. If your spreadsheet package has multiple worksheet capabilities (e.g., Excel), you can use separate worksheets; otherwise, each of the four worksheets can reside in a separate area of a single spreadsheet. In formulating your solution, each worksheet should link directly to the first worksheet. Also, feel free to create supplemental schedules to enhance the capabilities of your worksheet.
At the acquisition date, the fair values of each identifiable asset and liability that differed from book value were as follows: Land ........ $ 80,000 Brand name ... 60,000 Software ........ 415,000 (2-year estimated useful life) In-Process R&D . 300,000 Additional Information • Although at acquisition date Pecos expected future benefits from Suaro’s in-process research and development (R&D), by the end of 2011, it became clear that the research project was a failure with no future economic benefits. • During 2011, Suaro earns $75,000 and pays no dividends. • Selected amounts from Pecos and Suaro’s separate financial statements at December 31, 2012, are presented in the consolidated information worksheet. All consolidated worksheets are to be prepared as of December 31, 2012, two years subsequent to acquisition. • Pecos’s January 1, 2012, Retained Earnings balance—before any effect from Suaro’s 2011 income—is $(930,000) (credit balance). • Pecos has 500,000 common shares outstanding for EPS calculations and reported $2,943,100 for consolidated assets at the beginning of the period.
Project Requirements Complete the four worksheets as follows: 1. Input the consolidated information worksheet provided and completes the fair value allocation schedule by computing the excess amortizations for 2011 and 2012. 2. Using separate worksheets, prepare Pecos’s trial balances for each of the indicated accounting methods (equity, initial value, and partial equity). Use only formulas for the Investment in Suaro, the Income of Suaro, and Retained Earnings accounts. 3. Using references to other cells only (either from the consolidated information worksheet or from the separate method sheets), prepare for each of the three consolidation worksheets: • Adjustments and eliminations. • Consolidated balances. 4. Calculate and present the effects of a 2012 total goodwill impairment loss on the following ratios for the consolidated entity: • Earnings per share (EPS). • Return on assets. • Return on equity. • Debt to equity. Your worksheets should have the capability to adjust immediately for the possibility that all acquisition goodwill can be considered impaired in 2012. 5. Prepare a word-processed report that describes and discusses the following worksheet results: a. The effects of alternative investment accounting methods on the parent’s trial balances and the final consolidation figures. b. The relation between consolidated retained earnings and the parent’s retained earnings under each of the three (equity, initial value, partial equity) investment accounting methods. c. The effect on EPS, return on assets, return on equity, and debt-to-equity ratios of the recognition that all acquisition-related goodwill is considered impaired in2012.