Question: Psychologists at Lancaster University United Kingdom evaluated three methods of
Psychologists at Lancaster University (United Kingdom) evaluated three methods of name retrieval in a controlled setting (Journal of Experimental Psychology—Applied, June 2000). A sample of 139 students was randomly divided into three groups, and each group of students used a different method to learn the names of the other students in the group. Group 1 used the “simple name game,” in which the first student states his or her full name, the second student announces his or her name and the name of the first student, the third student says his or her name and the names of the first two students, etc. Group 2 used the “elaborate name game,” a modification of the simple name game such that the students state not only their names, but also their favorite activity (e.g., sports). Group 3 used “pairwise introductions,” according to which students are divided into pairs and each student must introduce the other member of the pair. One year later, all subjects were sent pictures of the students in their group and asked to state the full name of each. The researchers measured the percentage of names recalled by each student respondent. The data (simulated on the basis of summary statistics provided in the research article) are shown in the table and saved in the NAMEGAME file. Conduct an analysis of variance to determine whether the mean percentages of names recalled differ for the three name-retrieval methods. Use α = .05.
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