Select one major subdiscipline of microbiology from each of the two major categories of Table 1.3. Why do you think the subdiscipline is “basic” or “applied”?
Answer to relevant QuestionsHow can prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells be distinguished? List the major activities carried out by cells, and in each case, describe why the activity occurs. Explain the principle behind the Pasteur flask in studies on spontaneous generation. Why were the results of this experiment inconsistent with the theory of spontaneous generation? List several functions of the outer membrane in gram- negative Bacteria. What is the chemical composition of the outer membrane? Contrast the mechanism for motility in Flavobacterium from that in Escherichia coli. What is the major advantage of electron microscopes over light microscopes? What type of electron microscope would be used to view the three- dimensional features of a cell?
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