The Australian newspaper The Mercury (May 30, 1995) reported that, based on a survey of 600 reformed and current smokers, 11.3% of those who had attempted to quit smoking in the previous 2 years had used a nicotine aid (such as a nicotine patch). It also reported that 62% of those who quit smoking without a nicotine aid began smoking again within 2 weeks and 60% of those who used a nicotine aid began smoking again within 2 weeks. If a smoker who is trying to quit smoking is selected at random, are the outcomes selected smoker who is trying to quit uses a nicotine aid and selected smoker who has attempted to quit begins smoking again within 2 weeks independent or dependent outcomes? Justify your answer using the given information.
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