# Question: The color of a person s eyes is determined by a

The color of a person’s eyes is determined by a single pair of genes. If they are both blue-eyed genes, then the person will have blue eyes; if they are both brown-eyed genes, then the person will have brown eyes; and if one of them is a blue-eyed gene and the other a brown-eyed gene, then the person will have brown eyes. (Because of the latter fact, we say that the brown-eyed gene is dominant over the blue-eyed one.) A newborn child independently receives one eye gene from each of its parents, and the gene it receives from a parent is equally likely to be either of the two eye genes of that parent. Suppose that Smith and both of his parents have brown eyes, but Smith’s sister has blue eyes.
(a) What is the probability that Smith possesses a blue-eyed gene?
(b) Suppose that Smith’s wife has blue eyes. What is the probability that their first child will have blue eyes?
(c) If their first child has brown eyes, what is the probability that their next child will also have brown eyes?

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