Question

This problem demonstrates the effects of transactions on the current ratio and the debt ratio of Hiaport Company. Hiaport’s condensed and adapted balance sheet at December 31, 2011, follows.
(In millions)
Total current assets ....................................................... $15.4
Properties, plant, equipment, and other assets............... 15.8
$31.2
Total current liabilities .................................................. $ 9.4
Total long-term liabilities .............................................. 5.5
Total shareholders’ equity ............................................. 16.3
$31.2

Assume that during the first quarter of the following year, 2012, Hiaport completed the following transactions:
a. Paid half of the current liabilities.
b. Borrowed $3.0 million on long-term debt.
c. Earned revenue of $2.4 million, on account.
d. Paid selling expense of $0.6 million.
e. Accrued general expense of $0.3 million. Credit General Expense Payable, a current liability.
f. Purchased equipment for $4.9 million, paying cash of $2.0 million and signing a long-term note payable for $2.9 million.
g. Recorded depreciation expense of $0.9 million.

Requirements
1. Compute Hiaport’s current ratio and debt ratio at December 31, 2011. Round to two decimal places.
2. Consider each transaction separately. Compute Hiaport’s current ratio and debt ratio after each transaction during 2012—that is, seven times. Round ratios to two decimal places.
3. Based on your analysis, you should be able to readily identify the effects of certain transactions on the current ratio and the debt ratio. Test your understanding by completing these statements with either “increase” or “decrease.”
a. Revenues usually ___________ the current ratio.
b. Revenues usually ____________ the debt ratio.
c. Expenses usually _______________ the current ratio.
d. Expenses usually __________________ the debt ratio.
e. If a company’s current ratio is greater than 1.0, as for Hiaport, paying off a current liability will always _________________the current ratio.
f. Borrowing money on long-term debt will always ___________ the current ratio and _____________ the debt ratio.




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  • CreatedApril 22, 2013
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