Use the computerized model in File C13 to work this problem. Golden State Bakers, Inc. (GSB) has an opportunity to invest in a new dough machine. GSB needs more productive capacity, so the new machine will not replace an existing machine. The new machine is priced at $260,000 and will require modifications costing $15,000. It has an expected useful life of 10 years, will be depreciated using the MACRS method over its 5-year class life, and has an expected salvage value of $12,500 at the end of Year 10. The machine will require a $22,500 investment in net working capital. It is expected to generate additional sales revenues of $125,000 per year, but its use also will increase annual cash operating expenses by $55,000. GSB’s required rate of return is 10 percent, and its marginal tax rate is 40 percent. The machine’s book value at the end of Year 10 will be $0, so GSB will have to pay taxes on the $12,500 salvage value.
a. What is the NPV of this expansion project? Should GSB purchase the new machine?
b. Should GSB purchase the new machine if it is expected to be used for only five years and then sold for $31,250?
c. Would the machine be profitable if revenues increased by only $105,000 per year? Assume a 10-year project life and a salvage value of $12,500.
d. Suppose that revenues rose by $125,000 but expenses rose by $65,000. Would the machine be acceptable under these conditions? Assume a 10-year project life and a salvage value of $12,500.

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