Question

You have been given responsibility for overseeing a bank’s small business loans division. The bank has included loan covenants requiring a minimum current ratio of 1.80 in all small business loans. When you ask which inventory costing method the covenant assumes, the previous loans manager gives you a blank look. To explain to him that a company’s inventory costing method is important, you present the following balance sheet information.
Current assets other than inventory………………………… $ 10
Inventory (a) Other (noncurrent) assets…………………….. 107
Total assets………………………………………………… $ (b)
Current liabilities…………………………………………... $ 36
Other (noncurrent) liabilities………………………………… 44
Stockholders’ equity………………………………………… (d)
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity…………………... $ (c)
You ask the former loans manager to find amounts for (a), (b), (c), and (d) assuming the company began the year with 5 units of inventory at a unit cost of $ 11, then purchased 8 units at a cost of $ 12 each, and finally purchased 6 units at a cost of $ 16 each. A year-end inventory count determined that 4 units are on hand.
Required:
1. Determine the amount for (a) using FIFO, and then calculate (b) through (d).
2. Determine the amount for (a) using Weighted Average, and then calculate (b) through (d).
3. Determine the amount for (a) using LIFO, and then calculate (b) through (d).
4. Determine the current ratios, rounded to two decimal places, using (i) FIFO, (ii) Weighted Average, and (iii) LIFO and explain why these ratios differ.
5. Determine whether the company would be in violation or compliance with the loan covenant if the company were to use (i) FIFO, (ii) Weighted Average, and (iii) LIFO.


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  • CreatedNovember 02, 2015
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