Question: In recent election years political scientists have analyzed whether a

In recent election years, political scientists have analyzed whether a gender gap exists in political beliefs and party identification. The table shows data collected from the 2004 General Social Survey on gender and party identification (ID).
a. Identify the response and explanatory variables.
b. What proportion of sampled individuals is (i) male and Republican, (ii) female and Republican?
c. What proportion of the overall sample is (i) male, (ii) Republican?
d. The figure (MINITAB output) displays the proportion of individuals identifying with each political party, given gender. What are these proportions called? Is there a difference between males and females in the proportions that identify with a particular party? Summarize whatever gender gap you observe.

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