In your government appropriations for goods and services that remain
In your government, appropriations for goods and services that remain encumbered at year-end are automatically carried forward to the next year. Thus, the budget for the following year must include the amounts required to pay for the goods that were encumbered at year-end. The budget, however, must be adopted prior to the start of the following year, and therefore the amount of year-end encumbrances is not known when the budget is adopted. In presenting the original budget in an actual-to-budget comparison, should the amounts of encumbrances be included even though they were not included when the budget was first adopted?

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