You have gone back in time and are working with Dalton on a table of relative masses. Following are his data:
0.602 g gas A reacts with 0.295 g gas B
0.172 g gas B reacts with 0.401 g gas C
0.320 g gas A reacts with 0.374 g gas C
a. Assuming simplest formulas (AB, BC, and AC), construct a table of relative masses for Dalton.
b. Knowing some history of chemistry, you tell Dalton that if he determines the volumes of the gases reacted at constant temperature and pressure, he need not assume simplest formulas. You collect the following data:
6 volumes gas A + 1 volume gas B ( 4 volumes product
1 volume gas B + 4 volumes gas C ( 4 volumes product
3 volumes gas A + 2 volumes gas C ( 6 volumes product
Write the simplest balanced equations, and find the actual relative masses of the elements. Explain your reasoning.