On his honeymoon James Joule traveled from England to Switzerland. He attempted to verify his idea of the interconvertibility of mechanical energy and internal energy by measuring the increase in temperature of water that fell in a waterfall. If water at the top of an alpine waterfall has a temperature of 10.0°C and then falls 50.0 m (as at Niagara Falls), what maximum temperature at the bottom of the falls could Joule expect? He did not succeed in measuring the temperature change, partly because evaporation cooled the falling water, and also because his thermometer was not sufficiently sensitive.
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