Distorted Product Costs Sharp Paper Inc. has three paper mills, one of which is located in Memphis, Tennessee. The Memphis mill produces 300 different types of coated and uncoated specialty printing papers. Management was convinced that the value of the
During 2011, the Memphis mill produced 120,000 tons of coated paper and 80,000 tons of uncoated paper. Of the 200,000 tons produced, 180,000 were sold. Sixty products account for 80 percent of the tons sold. Thus, 240 products are classified as low-volume products.
Lightweight lime hopsack in cartons (LLHC) is one of the low-volume products. LLHC is produced in rolls, converted into sheets of paper, and then sold in cartons. In 2011 the cost to produce and sell one ton of LLHC was as follows:
1. Identify the flaws associated with the current method of assigning shipping and warehousing costs to Sharp€™s products.
2. Compute the shipping and warehousing cost per ton of LLHC sold by using the new method suggested by Jennifer and Kaylin.
3. Using the new costs computed in Requirement 2, compute the profit per ton of LLHC. Compare this with the profit per ton computed by using the old method. Do you think that this same effect would be realized for other low-volume products? Explain.
4. Comment on Ryan€™s proposal to drop some high-volume products and place more emphasis on low-volume products. Discuss the role of the accounting system in supporting this type of decision making.
5. After receiving the analysis of LLHC, Ryan decided to expand the analysis to all products. He also had Kaylin reevaluate the way in which mill overhead was assigned to products. After the restructuring was completed, Ryan took the following actions: (a) the prices of most low-volume products were increased, (b) the prices of several high-volume products were decreased, and (c) some low-volume products were dropped. Explain why his strategy changed so dramatically.
Direct materials: Furnish (3 different pulps) Additives (11 different items) Tub size Recycled scrap paper Total direct materials 2,225 pounds 450 500 10 20 200 pounds 5 75 pounds 296 pounds) Direct labor 450 Paper machine ($ 100 per ton × 2,500 pounds) Finishing machine ($120 per ton x 2,500 pounds) Total overhead 125 150 275 Shipping and warehousi Total manufacturing and selling cost ng ,695
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1 Shipping and warehousing costs are currently assigned using tons of paper produced a unitbased measure Many of these costs however are not driven by quantity produced Many products have special hand…View the full answer
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