Maple Limited (Maple) was incorporated on January 2, Year 1, and commenced active operations immediately in Greece.

Question:

Maple Limited (Maple) was incorporated on January 2, Year 1, and commenced active operations immediately in Greece. Common shares were issued on the date of incorporation for 100,000 euros (‚¬), and no more common shares have been issued since then.
On December 31, Year 4, the Oak Company (Oak) purchased 100% of the outstanding common shares of Maple. The balance sheet for Maple at December 31, Year 10, was as follows:
Cash ............... ‚¬ 100,000
Accounts receivable (Note 1) ...... 200,000
Inventory (Note 2) ........ 300,000
Equipment€”net (Note 3) ..... 1,100,000
‚¬1,700,000
Accounts payable ......... ‚¬ 250,000
Bonds payable (Note 4) ......... 700,000
Common shares .......... 100,000
Retained earnings ........ 650,000
‚¬1,700,000
€¢ The accounts receivable relate to sales occurring evenly throughout the month of December, Year 10.
€¢ Maple uses the FIFO method to account for its inventory. The inventory available for sale during the year was purchased as follows:

€¢ The equipment was purchased on May 26, Year 4.
€¢ The bonds were issued on May 26, Year 4, to finance the purchase of the equipment.
€¢ Maple reported net income of ‚¬200,000, which was earned evenly throughout the year, and paid dividends of ‚¬160,000 on July 1, Year 10.
€¢ Foreign exchange rates were as follows:
January 2, Year 1 ......... ‚¬1 = $1.30 May 26, Year 4 ......... ‚¬1 =$1.40
December 31, Year 4 ......... ‚¬1 = $1.42 December 31, Year 9 ......... ‚¬1 =$1.56
July 1, Year 10 ......... ‚¬1 = $1.61 Average for Year 10 ......... ‚¬1 =$1.59
Average for December Year 10 .... ‚¬1 = $1.64 December 31, Year 10 ........ ‚¬1 =$1.66
Required:
(a) Translate the balance sheet of Maple at December 31, Year 10, into Canadian dollars assuming that Maple€™s functional currency is the Canadian dollar.
Assume that the translated balance sheet will be consolidated with Oak€™s balance sheet. For retained earnings, simply use the amount required to balance your balance sheet.
(b)
Calculate the foreign exchange gain or loss on the bonds payable for the year ended December 31, Year 10, and state how it would be reported on the year end financial statements.
(c) Prepare an independent calculation of the unrealized exchange gains or losses that would be reported in other comprehensive income for Year 10, assuming that Maple 9 s functional currency is the euro.
(d) Since the current rate method uses the closing rate to translate equipment, the translated amount should represent the fair value of the equipment in Canadian dollars. Do you agree or disagree? Briefly explain.

Accounts Receivable
Accounts receivables are debts owed to your company, usually from sales on credit. Accounts receivable is business asset, the sum of the money owed to you by customers who haven’t paid.The standard procedure in business-to-business sales is that...
Balance Sheet
Balance sheet is a statement of the financial position of a business that list all the assets, liabilities, and owner’s equity and shareholder’s equity at a particular point of time. A balance sheet is also called as a “statement of financial...
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