# Mary and Jack Gray, local golf stars, opened the Chip-Shot Driving Range on March 1, 2010, by

## Question:

Mary and Jack Gray, local golf stars, opened the Chip-Shot Driving Range on March 1, 2010, by investing $25,000 of their cash savings in the business. A caddy shack was constructed for cash at a cost of$8,000, and $800 was spent on golf balls and golf clubs. The Grays leased five acres of land at a cost of$1,000 per month and paid the first month’s rent. During the first month, advertising costs totaled $750, of which$150 was unpaid at March 31, and $400 was paid to members of the high-school golf team for retrieving golf balls. All revenues from customers were deposited in the company’s bank account. On March 15, Mary and Jack withdrew a total of$1,000 in cash for personal living expenses. A $100 utility bill was received on March 31 but was not paid. On March 31, the balance in the company’s bank account was$18,900. Mary and Jack thought they had a pretty good first month of operations. But, their estimates of profitability ranged from a loss of $6,100 to net income of$2,450.
Instructions
With the class divided into groups, answer the following.
(a) How could the Grays have concluded that the business operated at a loss of $6,100? Was this a valid basis on which to determine net income? (b) How could the Grays have concluded that the business operated at a net income of$2,450? Was this a valid basis on which to determine net income?
(c) Without preparing an income statement, determine the actual net income for March.
(d) What was the revenue earned in March?

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