Matthews Delivery Service has completed closing entries and the accounting cycle for 2014. The business is now


Matthews Delivery Service has completed closing entries and the accounting cycle for 2014. The business is now ready to record January 2015 transactions.

Jan. 3 Collected $ 900 cash from customer on account.

5 Purchased office supplies on account, $ 400.

12 Performed delivery services for a customer and received $ 1,000 cash.

15 Paid employee salary including the amount owed on December 31, $ 1,500.

18 Performed delivery services on account, $ 750. 20 Paid $ 300 on account.

24 Purchased fuel for the truck, paying $ 150 cash.

27 Completed the remaining work due for Unearned Revenue.

28 Paid office rent, $ 600, for the month of January.

30 Collected $ 1,200 in advance for delivery service to be performed later.

31 Cash dividends of $ 1,000 were paid to stockholders.


1. Record each January transaction in the journal. Explanations are not required.

2. Post the transactions in the T-accounts. Don’t forget to use the December 31, 2014 ending balances as appropriate.

3. Prepare an unadjusted trial balance as of January 31, 2015.

4. Prepare a worksheet as of January 31, 2015. (optional)

5. Journalize the adjusting entries using the following adjustment data. Post ­adjusting entries to the T- accounts.

Adjustment data:

a. Office Supplies on hand, $ 80.

b. Accrued Service Revenue, $ 1,000.

c. Accrued Salaries Expense, $ 850.

d. Prepaid Insurance for the month has expired.

e. Depreciation was recorded on the truck for the month.

6. Prepare an adjusted trial balance as of January 31, 2015.

7. Prepare Matthews Delivery Service’s income statement and statement of retained earnings for the month ended January 31, 2015, and the classified balance sheet on that date. On the income statement, list expenses in decreasing order by amount that is, the largest expense first, the smallest expense last.

8. Calculate the following ratios as of January 31, 2015 for Matthews Delivery Service: return on assets, debt ratio, and current ratio.

Balance Sheet
Balance sheet is a statement of the financial position of a business that list all the assets, liabilities, and owner’s equity and shareholder’s equity at a particular point of time. A balance sheet is also called as a “statement of financial...
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Horngrens Financial and Managerial Accounting

ISBN: 978-0133255584

4th Edition

Authors: Tracie L. Nobles, Brenda L. Mattison, Ella Mae Matsumura

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