# Refer to Exercise 2.156. In addition to color and clarity, the independent certification group (GI A, HRD,

## Question:

Refer to Exercise 2.156. In addition to color and clarity, the independent certification group (GI A, HRD, or IGI) and the number of carats were recorded for each of 308 diamonds for sale on the open market.
a. Use a graphical method to describe the carat distribution of all 308 diamonds.
b. Use a graphical method to describe the carat distribution of diamonds certified by the GIA group.
c. Repeat part b for the HRD and IGI certification groups.
d. Compare the three carat distributions, parts b and c. Is there one particular certification group that appears to be assessing diamonds with higher carats than the others?
e. Find and interpret the mean of the data set.
f. Find and interpret the median of the data set.
g. Find and interpret the mode of the data set.
h. Which measure of central tendency best describes the 308 carat values? Explain.
i. Use the mean and standard deviation to form an interval that will contain at least 75% of the carat values in the data set.
Exercise 2.156
Diamonds are categorized according to the "four C's": carats, clarity, color, and cut. Each diamond stone that is sold on the open market is provided a certificate by an independent diamond assessor that lists these characteristics. Data for 308 diamonds were extracted from Singapore's Business Times (Journal of Statistics Education, Vol. 9, No. 1, 2001). Color is classified as D, E, F, G, H, or I, while clarity is classified as IF, VVS1, VVS2, VS1, or VS2. Use a graphical technique to summarize the color and clarity of the 308 diamond stones. What is the color and clarity that occurs most often? Least often?
Distribution
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## Statistics For Business And Economics

ISBN: 9780321826237

12th Edition

Authors: James T. McClave, P. George Benson, Terry T Sincich

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