# In an experimental set up in a laboratory, a long cylinder with a 5-cm diameter, and an electrical resistance heater inside its entire length is cooled with water flowing crosswise over the cylinder at 25°C and a velocity of 0.8 m/s. For these flow conditions, 20 kW/m of power is required to maintain a uniform temperature of 95°C at the

Chapter 1, Problems #21

In an experimental set up in a laboratory, a long cylinder with a 5-cm diameter, and an electrical resistance heater inside its entire length is cooled with water flowing crosswise over the cylinder at 25°C and a velocity of 0.8 m/s. For these flow conditions, 20 kW/m of power is required to maintain a uniform temperature of 95°C at the surface of the cylinder. When water is not available, air at 25°C is used with a velocity of 10 m/s to maintain the same surface temperature. However, in this case, the cylinder surface heat dissipation rate is reduced to 400 W/m. Calculate the convection heat transfer coefficients for both water and air, and comment on the reason for the differences in the values.