## Question

# Consider the instance space consisting of integer points in the x, y plane and the set of hypotheses H consisting of rectangles. More precisely, hypotheses

Consider the instance space consisting of integer points in the x, y plane and the set of hypotheses H consisting of rectangles. More precisely, hypotheses are of the form a ≤ x ≤ b, c ≤ y ≤ d, where a, b, c, and d can be any integers.

(a) Consider the version space with respect to the set of positive (+) and negative (‒) training examples shown below. What is the S boundary of the version space in this case? Write out the hypotheses and draw them in on the diagram.

(b) What is the G boundary of this version space? Write out the hypotheses and draw them in.

(c) Suppose the learner may now suggest a new x, y instance and ask the trainer for its classification. Suggest a query guaranteed to reduce the size of the version space, regardless of how the trainer classifies it. Suggest one that will not.

(d) Now assume you are a teacher, attempting to teach a particular target concept (e.g., 3 ≤ x ≤ 5, 2 ≤ y ≤ 9). What is the smallest number of training examples you can provide so that the CANDIDATE-ELIMINATION algorithm will perfectly learn the target concept?

## 5. 5,

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