Modify this MP so that you can use 'ls' instead

Modify this MP so that you can use 'ls' instead of '/bin/ls' (i.e. the shell searches the path for the command to execute.).

/* LIBRARY SECTION */

#include <ctype.h> /* Character types */

#include <stdio.h> /* Standard buffered input/output */

#include <stdlib.h> /* Standard library functions */

#include <string.h> /* String operations */

#include <sys/types.h> /* Data types */

#include <sys/wait.h> /* Declarations for waiting */

#include <unistd.h> /* Standard symbolic constants and types */

#include <ctype.h> //includes isspace function

#include <sys/stat.h> // mkdir system call per manual

/* DEFINE SECTION */

#define SHELL_BUFFER_SIZE 256 /* Size of the Shell input buffer */

#define SHELL_MAX_ARGS 8 /* Maximum number of arguments parsed */

/* VARIABLE SECTION */

enum { STATE_SPACE, STATE_NON_SPACE };   /* Parser states */

int imthechild(const char *path_to_exec, char *const args[])

{

return execvp(path_to_exec, args) ? -1 : 0;

}

void imtheparent(pid_t child_pid, int run_in_background)

{

int child_return_val;

int child_error_code;

  

/* fork returned a positive pid so we are the parent */

fprintf(stderr,

" Parent says 'child process has been forked with pid=%d'",

child_pid);

if (run_in_background) {

fprintf(stderr,

" Parent says 'run_in_background=1 ... so we're not waiting for the child'");

return;

}

wait(&child_return_val);

/* Use the WEXITSTATUS to extract the status code from the return value */

child_error_code = WEXITSTATUS(child_return_val);

fprintf(stderr,

" Parent says 'wait() returned so the child with pid=%d is finished.'",

child_pid);

if (child_error_code != 0) {

/* Error: Child process failed. Most likely a failed exec */

fprintf(stderr,

" Parent says 'Child process %d failed with code %d'",

child_pid, child_error_code);

}

}

/* MAIN PROCEDURE SECTION */

int main(int argc, char **argv)

{

pid_t shell_pid;

pid_t pid_from_fork;

size_t n_read;

int i;

int exec_argc = 0;

int parser_state = STATE_SPACE;

int run_in_background;

  

  

/* buffer: The Shell's input buffer. */

char buffer[SHELL_BUFFER_SIZE];

/* exec_argv: Arguments passed to exec call including NULL terminator. */

char *exec_argv[SHELL_MAX_ARGS + 1];

/* Allow the Shell prompt to display the pid of this process */

shell_pid = getpid();

  

while (1) {

/* The Shell runs in an infinite loop, processing input. */

fprintf(stdout, "Shell(pid=%d)> ", shell_pid);

fflush(stdout);

/* Read a line of input. */

scanf("%s", buffer);

  

parser_state = STATE_SPACE;

printf("Enter a line of command, up to 8 words seperated by space: ");

if (fgets(buffer, SHELL_BUFFER_SIZE, stdin) == NULL)

return EXIT_SUCCESS;

n_read = strlen(buffer);

run_in_background = n_read > 2 && buffer[n_read - 2] == '&';

buffer[n_read - run_in_background - 1] = '';

  

/* Parse the arguments: the first argument is the file or command *

   * we want to run.

   */

exec_argv[exec_argc] = NULL;

for (exec_argc = 0, i = 0;

   (buffer[i] != '') && (exec_argc < SHELL_MAX_ARGS); i++) {

if (!isspace(buffer[i])) {

if (parser_state == STATE_SPACE)

exec_argv[exec_argc++] = &buffer[i];

parser_state = STATE_NON_SPACE;

} else {

buffer[i] = '0';

parser_state = STATE_SPACE;

}

}

/* run_in_background is 1 if the input line's last character *

   * is an ampersand (indicating background execution). */

  

buffer[i] = '0';   /* Terminate input, overwriting the '&' if it exists */

/* If no command was given (empty line) the Shell just prints the prompt again */

if (!exec_argc)

continue;

/* Terminate the list of exec parameters with NULL */

exec_argv[exec_argc] = NULL;

  

/* If Shell runs 'exit' it exits the program. */

if (!strcmp(exec_argv[0], "exit")) {

printf("Exiting process %d", shell_pid);

return EXIT_SUCCESS;   /* End Shell program */

  

} else if (!strcmp(exec_argv[0], "cd") && exec_argc > 1) {

/* Running 'cd' changes the Shell's working directory. */

/* Alternative: try chdir inside a forked child: if(fork() == 0) { */

//if (fork() ==0){

if (chdir(exec_argv[1]))

/* Error: change directory failed */

fprintf(stderr, "cd: failed to chdir %s", exec_argv[1]);

/* End alternative: exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);} */

  

} else {

/* Execute Commands */

/* Try replacing 'fork()' with '0'. What happens? */

//pid_from_fork = fork();

pid_from_fork = 0;

if (pid_from_fork < 0) {

/* Error: fork() failed. Unlikely, but possible (e.g. OS *

   * kernel runs out of memory or process descriptors). */

fprintf(stderr, "fork failed");

continue;

}

if (pid_from_fork == 0) {

return imthechild(exec_argv[0], &exec_argv[0]);

/* Exit from main. */

} else {

imtheparent(pid_from_fork, run_in_background);

/* Parent will continue around the loop. */

}

} /* end if */

} /* end while loop */

  

return EXIT_SUCCESS;

} /* end main() */


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