Consider the air-conditioning system described in Problem 59. (a) Does

Consider the air-conditioning system described in Problem 59.

(a) Does the entropy of the universe increase, decrease, or stay the same as the air conditioner keeps the imperfectly insulated house cool? Explain.

(b) What is the rate at which the entropy of the universe changes during this process?

Problem 59

An air conditioner is used to keep the interior of a house at a temperature of 21 °C while the outside temperature is 32 °C. If heat leaks into the house at the rate of 11 kW, and the air conditioner has the efficiency of a Carnot engine, what is the mechanical power required to keep the house cool?

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