Corporate ownership varies around the world. Historically indivi

Corporate ownership varies around the world. Historically individuals have owned the majority of shares in public corporations in the United States. In Germany and Japan, however, banks, other large financial institutions, and other companies own most of the stock in public corporations. Do you think agency problems are likely to be more or less severe in Germany and Japan than in the United States? Why? In recent years, large financial institutions such as mutual funds and pension funds have been becoming the dominant owners of stock in the United States, and these institutions are becoming more active in corporate affairs. What are the implications of this trend for agency problems and corporate control?

Mutual Funds
Mutual funds are like a pool of funds gathered by different small investors that have simalar investment perspective about returns on their investments. These funds are managed by professional investment managers who act smartly on behalf of the...