# Poole Corporation has collected the following information after its first

Poole Corporation has collected the following information after its first year of sales. Net sales were \$1.6 million on 100,000 units, selling expenses were \$240,000 (40% variable and 60% fixed), direct materials were \$511,000, direct labour was \$285,000, administrative expenses were \$280,000 (20% variable and 80% fixed), and manufacturing overhead was \$360,000 (70% variable and 30% fixed). Top management has asked you to do a CVP analysis so that it can make plans for the coming year. Management has projected that unit sales will increase by 10% next year.

Instructions

(a) Calculate (1) the contribution margin for the current year and the projected year, and (2) the fixed costs for the current year. (Assume that fixed costs will remain the same in the projected year.)

(b) Calculate the break-even point in units and sales dollars for the first year.

(c) The company has a target operating income of \$310,000. Calculate the required sales amount in dollars for the company to meet its target.

(d) Assuming the company meets its target operating income number, calculate by what percentage its sales could fall before the company operates at a loss. That is, what is its margin of safety ratio?

(e) The company is considering a purchase of equipment that would reduce its direct labour costs by \$104,000 and would change its manufacturing overhead costs to 30% variable and 70% fixed (assume the total manufacturing overhead cost is \$360,000, as above). It is also considering switching to a pure commission basis for its sales staff. This would change selling expenses to 90% variable and 10% fixed (assume the total selling expense is \$240,000, as above). Calculate

(1) The contribution margin

(2) The contribution margin ratio,

(3) Recalculate the break-even point in sales dollars. Comment on the effect each of management's proposed changes has on the break-even point.

Contribution Margin
Contribution margin is an important element of cost volume profit analysis that managers carry out to assess the maximum number of units that are required to be at the breakeven point. Contribution margin is the profit before fixed cost and taxes...
Corporation
A Corporation is a legal form of business that is separate from its owner. In other words, a corporation is a business or organization formed by a group of people, and its right and liabilities separate from those of the individuals involved. It may...

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