# Traditional checksum calculation needs to be done in ones complement arithmetic. Computers and calculators today are designed to do calculations in twos complement arithmetic. One way to calculate the traditional checksum is to add the numbers in twos complement arithmetic,

Traditional checksum calculation needs to be done in one’s complement arithmetic. Computers and calculators today are designed to do calculations in two’s complement arithmetic. One way to calculate the traditional checksum is to add the numbers in two’s complement arithmetic, find the quotient and remainder of dividing the result by 2^{16}, and add the quotient and the remainder to get the sum in one’s complement. The checksum can be found by subtracting the sum from 2^{16} − 1. Use the above method to find the checksum of the following four numbers: 43,689, 64,463, 45,112, and 59,683.

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## The following shows the steps a We first add the numbers in twos comp…View the full answer

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