# Hypothesis testing and testing claims with confidence intervals are two different approaches that lead to the same

## Question:

Hypothesis testing and testing claims with confidence intervals are two different approaches that lead to the same conclusion. In the following activities, you will compare and contrast those two approaches.

Assume you are working for the Consumer Protection Agency and have recently been getting complaints about the highway gas mileage of the new Dodge Caravans. Chrysler Corporation agrees to allow you to randomly select 40 of its new Dodge Caravans to test the highway mileage.

Chrysler claims that the vans get 28 mpg on the highway. Your results show a mean of 26.7 and a standard deviation of 4.2. You are not certain if you should create a confidence interval or run a hypothesis test. You decide to do both at the same time.

1. Draw a normal curve, labeling the critical values, critical regions, test statistic, and population mean. List the significance level and the null and alternative hypotheses.

2. Draw a confidence interval directly below the normal distribution, labeling the sample mean, error, and boundary values.

3. Explain which parts from each approach are the same and which parts are different.

4. Draw a picture of a normal curve and confidence interval where the sample and hypothesized means are equal.

5. Draw a picture of a normal curve and confidence interval where the lower boundary of the confidence interval is equal to the hypothesized mean.

6. Draw a picture of a normal curve and confidence interval where the sample mean falls in the left critical region of the normal curve.

## Step by Step Answer:

**Related Book For**

## Elementary Statistics A Step By Step Approach

**ISBN:** 9781260360653

11th Edition

**Authors:** Allan Bluman