Reconsider the previous three exercises. How, if at all, would your analysis and conclusions change if the


Reconsider the previous three exercises. How, if at all, would your analysis and conclusions change if the sample standard deviations had been larger and all else had remained the same as in the original question? Be sure to refer to the test statistic, p-value, and confidence interval as well as give your conclusion.

Data from previous exercise

Selvi et al. (2012) conducted a study on university medical students in Turkey to investigate whether and how sleep habits were associated with having nightmares. During the study, these students were engaged in lecture-based learning with no hospital duties. All participants were given initial surveys, the results of which were used to determine who among them had €œearly bird€ sleep habits and who €œnight owl€ habits. Next, the students were given the Van Dream Anxiety Scale (VDAS) assessment, which involved questions regarding nightmare frequency and dream anxiety due to frightening dreams during the last 30 days. Here are the summary statistics on nightmare frequency by €œearly bird€ and €œnight owl.€ Note that higher scores indicate higher nightmare frequency.

Sample size Sample SD Sample average Diagnosed early bird 1.23 0.93 67 Diagnosed night owl 59 2.10 0.99

Analyze the data using a theory-based approach (use the Theory-based Inference applet) to determine whether early birds differ from night owls with respect to average nightmare frequency. Th e data are not strongly skewed within each group. Be sure to include the appropriate hypotheses, a statement about validity conditions, as well as numerical evidence (including p-value) in support of your conclusion with regard to the hypotheses. In your conclusion, include comments about statistical significance, estimation (95% confidence interval (include interpretation)), causation, and generalization.

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Introduction To Statistical Investigations

ISBN: 9781118172148

1st Edition

Authors: Beth L.Chance, George W.Cobb, Allan J.Rossman Nathan Tintle, Todd Swanson Soma Roy

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