An insulated cylinder is fitted with a freely floating piston, and contains 0.5 kg of steam at
An insulated cylinder is fitted with a freely floating piston, and contains 0.5 kg of steam at 9 bar and 90% quality. The space above the piston, initially 0.05m3, contains air at 300 K to maintain the pressure on the steam. Additional air is forced into the upper chamber, forcing the piston down and increasing the steam pressure until the steam has 100% quality. The final steam pressure is 30 bars, and the work done on the steam is 360 kJ, but the air above the steam has not had time to exchange heat with the piston, cylinder, or surroundings. The air supply line is at 50 bar and 300 K. What is the final temperature of the air in the upper chamber?
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