# 2. Density of Si and GaAs. (a) Calculate the volume density of atoms, namely the number of...

## Question:

2. Density of Si and GaAs.

(a) Calculate the volume density of atoms, namely the number of atoms/cm3 ) for Si and GaAs crystals, knowing the crystal structure for Si is diamond and for GaAs is zinc-blende, and that the lattice constant are 5.43 for Si and 5.66 for GaAs. Hint: calculate the number of atoms per unit cell and divide by the unit cell volume.

(b) Knowing the atomic masses for Si (28), Ga(69.7) and As(74.9) calculate the density (g/cm3 ) for Si and GaAs. The atomic mass unit is 1.6610-27 Kg.

3. Lattice constant of InSb. The InSb crystal structure is zinc-blende. The atomic radii of In and Sb are 1.44 and 1.36 respectively.

(a) Assuming that the atoms are hard spheres and they are closely packed in the InSb lattice, find the lattice constant of InSb. (b) Calculate the volumes of the unit and primitive cells.

4. Find the maximum fractions of the unit cell volumes that can be filled by hard spheres in the simple cubic, body centered cubic and diamond lattices

**Related Book For**

## Chemistry The Central Science

ISBN: 978-0321696724

12th edition

Authors: Theodore Brown, Eugene LeMay, Bruce Bursten, Catherine Murphy, Patrick Woodward