# Assume that the kerosene of Prob. 12.4 is replaced with water at 110F and flowing at a

## Question:

Assume that the kerosene of Prob. 12.4 is replaced with water at 110ºF and flowing at a velocity of 8 ft/s. What percentage increase in overall coefficient may be expected if the tube surfaces remain clean?

**Prob. 12.4**

Kerosene is heated by hot water in a shell-and-tube heater. The kerosene is inside the tubes, and the water is outside. The flow is countercurrent. The average temperature of the kerosene is 110°F, and the average linear velocity is 8 ft/s. The properties of the kerosene at 110°F are: specific gravity, 0.805; viscosity, 1.5 cP; specific heat.0.583 Btu/lb · °F; and thermal conductivity, 0.0875 Btu/ft·h · °F. The tubes are low-carbon steel ^{3}/_{4}-in. OD by BWG 16. The heat-transfer coefficient on the shell side is 300 Btu/ft^{2 }· h · °F. Calculate the overall coefficient based on the outside area of the tube.

## Step by Step Answer:

**Related Book For**

## Unit Operations Of Chemical Engineering

**ISBN:** 9780072848236

7th Edition

**Authors:** Warren McCabe, Julian Smith, Peter Harriott