The automatic control of an airplane is one example that requires multiple-variable feedback methods. In this system, the attitude of an aircraft is controlled by three sets of surfaces: elevators, a rudder, and ailerons, as shown in Figure DP7.I3(a). By

The automatic control of an airplane is one example that requires multiple-variable feedback methods. In this system, the attitude of an aircraft is controlled by three sets of surfaces: elevators, a rudder, and ailerons, as shown in Figure DP7.I3(a). By manipulating these surfaces, a pilot can set the aircraft on a desired flight path [20].
An autopilot, which will be considered here, is an automatic control system that controls the roll angle ϕ by adjusting aileron surfaces. The deflection of the aileron surfaces by an angle θ generates a torque due to air pressure on these surfaces. This causes a rolling motion of the aircraft. The aileron surfaces are controlled by a hydraulic actuator with a transfer function l/s.
The actual roll angle Ï• is measured and compared with the input. The difference between the desired roll angle Ï•d and the actual angle Ï• will drive the hydraulic actuator, which in turn adjusts the deflection of the aileron surface.
A simplified model where the rolling motion can be considered independent of other motions is assumed, and its block diagram is shown in Figure DP7.13(b). Assume that K1 = 1 and that the roll rate Ï• is fed back using a rate gyro. The step response desired has an overshoot less than 10% and a settling time (with a 2% criterion) less than 9 seconds. Select the parameters Ka and K2.
Figure DP7.13
(a) An airplane with a set of ailerons.
(b) The block diagram for controlling the roll rate of the airplane.
The automatic control of an airplane is one example that

This problem has been solved!


Do you need an answer to a question different from the above? Ask your question!
Related Book For  answer-question

Modern Control Systems

ISBN: 978-0136024583

12th edition

Authors: Richard C. Dorf, Robert H. Bishop

Posted Date: March 29, 2016 05:30:38