# The power quality of a transformer is measured by the quality of the voltage. Two causes of

## Question:

The power quality of a transformer is measured by the quality of the voltage. Two causes of poor power quality are "sags" and "swells." A sag is an unusual dip and a swell is an unusual increase in the voltage level of a transformer. The power quality of transformers built in Turkey was investigated in Electrical Engineering (Vol. 95, 2013). For a sample of 103 transformers built for heavy industry, the mean number of sags per week was 353 and the mean number of swells per week was 184. Assume the standard deviation of the sag distribution is 30 sags per week and the standard deviation of the swell distribution is 25 swells per week.
a. For a sag distribution with any shape, what proportion of transformers will have between 263 and 443 sags per week? Which rule did you apply and why?
b. For a sag distribution that is mound-shaped and symmetric, what proportion of transformers will have between 263 and 443 sags per week? Which rule did you apply and why?
c. For a swell distribution with any shape, what proportion of transformers will have between 109 and 259 swells per week? Which rule did you apply and why?
d. For a swell distribution that is mound-shaped and symmetric, what proportion of transformers will have between 109 and 259 swells per week? Which rule did you apply and why?
Distribution
The word "distribution" has several meanings in the financial world, most of them pertaining to the payment of assets from a fund, account, or individual security to an investor or beneficiary. Retirement account distributions are among the most...
Fantastic news! We've Found the answer you've been seeking!