The standard heat of the reaction CaC2 (s) + 5 H2O (l) CaO (s) + 2


The standard heat of the reaction CaC2 (s) + 5 H2O (l) → CaO (s) + 2 CO2 (g) + 5 H2 (g) is ΔH˚г = + 69.36 kJ/mol.

(a) Is the reaction exothermic or endothermic at 25°C? Would you have to heat or cool the reactor to keep the temperature constant? What would the temperature do if the reactor ran adiabatically? What can you infer about the energy required to break the molecular bonds of the reactants and that released when the product bonds form?

(b) Calculate ΔU˚г for this reaction. Briefly explain the physical significance of your calculated value.

(c) Suppose you charge 150.0 g of CaC2 and liquid water into a rigid container at 25°C, heat the container until the calcium carbide reacts completely, and cool the products back down to 25°C, condensing essentially all the unconsumed water. Write and simplify the energy balance equation for this closed constant-volume system and use it to determine the net amount of heat (kJ) that must be transferred to or from the reactor (state which).

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Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes

ISBN: 978-0471720638

3rd Edition

Authors: Richard M. Felder, Ronald W. Rousseau

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