In a large centrifuge used for training pilots and astronauts, a small chamber is fixed at the
In a large centrifuge used for training pilots and astronauts, a small chamber is fixed at the end of a rigid arm that rotates in a horizontal circle. A trainee riding in the chamber of a centrifuge rotating with a constant angular speed of 2.5 rad/s experiences a centripetal acceleration of 3.2 times the acceleration due to gravity. In a second training exercise, the centrifuge speeds up from rest with a constant angular acceleration. When the centrifuge reaches an angular speed of 2.5 rad/s, the trainee experiences a total acceleration equal to 4.8 times the acceleration due to gravity.
(a) How long is the arm of the centrifuge?
(b) What is the angular acceleration of the centrifuge in the second training exercise?
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REASONING The centripetal acceleration of the trainee is given by a c r 2 Equation 8 11 where is the ...View the full answer
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Angular movements are produced when the angle between the bones of joint changes. There are several different types of angular movements, including flexion, extension, hyperextension, abduction, adduction, and circumduction. Flexion, or bending, occurs when the angle between the bones decreases. Moving the forearm upward at the elbow or moving the wrist to move the hand toward the forearm are examples of flexion. The extension is the opposite of flexion in that the angle between the bones of a joint increase.