Lloyd Publications established the following standard price and costs for a hardcover picture book that the company

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Lloyd Publications established the following standard price and costs for a hardcover picture book that the company produces.
Standard price and variable costs
Sales price ................ $45.00
Materials cost ................ 9.00
Labor cost ................ 4.50
Overhead cost ............... 6.30
Selling, general, and administrative costs .... 7.20
Planned fixed costs
Manufacturing overhead ...........$135,000
Selling, general, and administrative........54,000
Lloyd planned to make and sell 30,000 copies of the book.

Required
a. Prepare the pro forma income statement that would appear in the master budget.
b. Prepare flexible budget income statements, assuming production volumes of 29,000 and 31,000 units.
c. Determine the sales and variable cost volume variances, assuming volume is actually 31,000 units.
d. Indicate whether the variances are favorable (F) or unfavorable (U).
e. Comment on how Lloyd could use the variances to evaluate performance.

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Related Book For  answer-question

Fundamental Managerial Accounting Concepts

ISBN: 978-0078025655

7th edition

Authors: Thomas Edmonds, Christopher Edmonds, Bor Yi Tsay, Philip Old

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