Reconsider Prob. 8150. In order to reduce the head losses in the piping and thus the power
Reconsider Prob. 8–150. In order to reduce the head losses in the piping and thus the power wasted, someone suggests doubling the diameter of the 83-m-long compressed air pipes. Calculating the reduction in wasted power, and determine if this is a worthwhile idea. Considering the cost of replacement, does this proposal make sense to you?
Data from Problem 150
The compressed air requirements of a textile factory are met by a large compressor that draws in 0.6 m3/s air at atmospheric conditions of 20°C and 1 bar (100 kPa) and consumes 300 kW electric power when operating. Air is compressed to a gage pressure of 8 bar (absolute pressure of 900 kPa), and compressed air is transported to the production area through a 15-cm-internal-diameter, 83-m-long, galvanized steel pipe with a surface roughness of 0.15 mm. The average temperature of compressed air in the pipe is 60°C. The compressed air line has 8 elbows with a loss coefficient of 0.6 each. If the compressor efficiency is 85 percent, determine the pressure drop and the power wasted in the transportation line.
Step by Step Answer: