Benjamin Endres was an officer in the Indiana State Police. Soon after Indiana began licensing casinos, Endres was assigned by
Benjamin Endres was an officer in the Indiana State Police. Soon after Indiana began licensing casinos, Endres was assigned by lottery to a full-time position as a Gaming Commission agent at the Blue Chip Casino in Michigan City, Indiana. Gaming Commission agents certify gambling revenue, investigate complaints from the public about the gaming system, and conduct licensing investigations for the casinos and their employees. Endres, a Baptist, believed that he must neither gamble nor help others do so, because games of chance are sinful.
Endres told his employer that he was willing to enforce general vice laws at casinos, but that providing the specialized services required of Gaming Commission agents would violate his religious beliefs because it would facilitate gambling. When the Indiana State Police refused his request for a different assignment, Endres refused to report for duty and was fired for insubordination.
Endres sued under Title VII, contending that the state of Indiana had discriminated against him on account of his religion by failing to reasonably accommodate his religious beliefs. The state of Indiana moved to dismiss the claim. How should the court rule?
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