# The objective of this problem is to develop thermal models for estimating the steady-state temperature and the

## Question:

The objective of this problem is to develop thermal models for estimating the steady-state temperature and the transient temperature history of the electrical transformer shown below.

The external transformer geometry is approximately cubical, with a length of 32 mm to a side. The combined mass of the iron and copper in the transformer is 0.28 kg, and its weighted-average specific heat is 400 J/kg ∙ K. The transformer dissipates 4.0 Wand is operating in ambient air at T∞ = 20°C, with a convection coefficient of 10 W/m^{2} ∙ K. List and justify the assumptions made in your analysis, and discuss limitations of the models.

(a) Beginning with a properly defined control volume, develop a model for estimating the steady-state temperature of the transformer, T (∞). Evaluate T (∞) for the prescribed operating conditions.

(b) Develop a model for estimating the thermal response (temperature history) of the transformer if it is initially at a temperature of T_{i} = T_{∝} and power is suddenly applied. Determine the time required for the transformer to come within 5°C of its steady-state operating temperature.

## Step by Step Answer:

**Related Book For**

## Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer

**ISBN:** 978-0471457282

6th Edition

**Authors:** Incropera, Dewitt, Bergman, Lavine