By definition, A is idempotent if A2 = A, and B is nilpotent if Bm = 0 for some positive integer m. Give examples (different from 0 or I). Also give
Find all 2 x 2 matrices A = [ajk], B = [bjk], C = [cjk] and general scalar.
Verigy (4) for the vectors in Probs. 21 and 23
Find all vectors v in R3 orthogonal to [2 0 1]T.
(c) Circle. Fine a similar formula for a circle in the plane through three given points. Find and sketch the circle through (2, 6), (6, 4), (7,
Calculate AB in Prob. 1 column wise. (See Example 6)
Find the value of the determinant of the n x n matrix and with main diagonal entries all 0 and all others 1. Try to find a formula for this. Try to
Give an application of the matrix in Prob. 3 that makes the form of its inverse obvious.
Prove the formula in Prob. 15.
Prove the formula in Prob. 17.
Same question as in Prob. 14 for the matrix in Prob. 9.
Find and Eigen basis and diagonalize, (Show thedetails).
Verify that A and Â = P??1 AP have the same spectrum. Here A, Pare:
Reduce the quadratic form to principal axes.11.56x12 + 20.16x1 x2 + 17.44x22 = 100
Reduce the quadratic form to principal axes.14x12 + 24x1 x2 – 4x22 = 20
Show (BA) T = – AB for A and B in Example 2, for any n X n Hermitian A and skew-Hermitian B.
Find the Eigen values and Eigen vectors of the so-called Pauli spin matrices and show that SxSy = iSz, SySx = ?? iSz, Sx2 = Sy2 = Sz2 =I,
Prove the following statements and illustrate them with examples of your own choice. Here, ?1, ? ? ? ?n are the (not necessarily distinct) Eigen
Show that the inverse A–1 exists if and only if none of the eigenvalues λ1, ∙ ∙ ∙, λn of A is zero, and then A–1 has
If |p| = 1 and |q| = 2, what can be said about the magnitude and direction of the resultant? Can you think of an application where this matters?
If a ray of light is reflected once in each of two mutually perpendicular mirrors, what can you say about the reflected ray?
Team Project, Geometric ApplicationsTo increase your skill in dealing with vectors, use vectors to prove the following (see the figures)(a) The
Find Eigen vectors of A, B, C in Examples 2 and 3.
Show that a consumption matrix as considered in Prob. 15 must have column sums 1 and always has the eigenvalue 1.
Determine whether the statement is true or false.
The lines 2x + 3y = 4 and 3x - 2y = 4 are perpendicular.
Determine whether a linear model might fit the data.(a)(b)
The table below illustrates the growth in worldwide Internet use.
Year, x Number of Internet Users Worldwide, y (in millions)
The table below illustrates the upward trend in America to choose cremation.
Year, x Percentage of Deaths
Followed by Cremation, y
Data on total U.S. expenditures on pets, pet products, and related services are given in the table below. Model the data with a linear function.
Data on the median age of the U.S. population in selected years are listed in the table below. Model the data with a linear function, estimate the
The net sales data in several years for Nike are given in the table at right. Model the data with a linear function, and predict the net sales in
Data on average credit-card debt per U.S. household are given in the table below. Model the data with a linear function, and estimate the average
(a) Use a graphing calculator to fit a regression line to the data in Exercise 61.
(b) Estimate the number of Internet users worldwide in 2013 and
(a) Use a graphing calculator to fit a regression line to the data in Exercise 62.
In Exercise 62
Year, x Percentage of Deaths
(a) Use a graphing calculator to fit a regression line to the data in Exercise 63.
In Exercise 63
Year, x Total U.S. Expenditures
On pets (in
Write a slope-intercept equation for a line with the given characteristics.
(a) m = 2/9, y-intercept (0, 4)
(b) m = - 3/8, y-intercept (0, 5)
(c) m =
(a) Use a graphing calculator to fit a regression line to the data in Exercise 66.
In Exercise 66
Year, x Credit-Card Debt
Per Household, y
A person who is exercising should not exceed his or her maximum heart rate, which is determined on the basis of that person's sex, age, and resting
A math instructor asked her students to keep track of how much time each spent studying a chapter on functions in her algebra-trigonometry course.
Find the slope of the line containing the given points.
(a) (2, -8) and (-5, -1)
(b) (5, 7) and (5, -7)
Find an equation for a circle satisfying the given conditions.
(a) Center (-7, -1), radius of length 9 / 5
(b) Center (0, 3), diameter of length 5
Find k so that the line containing the points (-3, k) and (4, 8) is parallel to the line containing the points (5, 3) and (1, -6).
Using the figure below, find the road grade and an equation giving the height y as a function of the horizontal distance x.
Find an equation of the line passing through the point (4, 5) and perpendicular to the line passing through the points (-1, 3) and (2, 9).
Use this graph for Exercised 1 and 2.(a) Find the coordinates of points A, B, C, D, E, and F.
(b) Find the coordinates of points G, H, I, J, K, and L.
Dannon recently replaced its 8-oz cup of yogurt with a 6-oz cup and reduced the suggested retail price from 89 cents to 71 cents. Was the price per
One week 10 copies of the novel The Last Song by Nicholas Sparks were sold for every 7.9 copies of David Baldacci's Deliver Us from Evil that were
A 150-lb person who runs at 6 mph for 1 hr burns about 720 calories. The same person, walking at 4 mph for 90 min, burns about 480 calories. Suppose
In the 2009-2010 school year in the United States, there were 128,000 students from China. This number is 22% more than the number of students from
The Toyota Prius gets 44 miles per gallon (mpg) overall. The Hummer H2 gets 11 mpg less than one-half of the milesper- gallon rate for the Toyota
It is estimated that 710,000 metric tons of olive oil were consumed in Italy in 2009-2010. This is 60,000 metric tons more than 2.5 times the amount
The average salary of a landscape architect for the federal government is $80,830 per year. This is about 38.5% higher than the yearly salary of a
The average depth of the Pacific Ocean is 14,040 ft. This is 8890 ft less than the sum of the average depths of the Atlantic Ocean and the Indian
Of each dollar spent on textbooks at college bookstores, 22.3 cents goes to the college store for profit, store operations, and personnel. On
The total curb weight of a Toyota Tundra truck, a Ford Mustang car, and a Smart For Two car is 11,150 lb. The weight of a Mustang is 5 lb less than
The points (7, 13) and (-3, -11) are at the ends of a diameter.
In a recent week, the television networks CBS, ABC, and NBC together averaged a total of 29.1 million viewers. CBS had 1.7 million more viewers than
Nielsen Media Research surveys TV-watching habits and provides a list of the 20 most-watched TV programs each week. Each rating point in the survey
Kendal borrowed money from her father at 5% simple interest to help pay her tuition at Wellington Community College. At the end of 1 year, she owed a
Ryan, a consumer electronics salesperson, earns a base salary of $1500 per month and a commission of 8% on the amount of sales he makes. One month
Juliet has a choice between receiving a monthly salary of $1800 from Furniture by Design or a base salary of $1600 and a 4% commission on the amount
Soledad worked 48 hr one week and earned a $442 paycheck. She earns time and a half (1.5 times her regular hourly wage) for the number of hours she
City Cabs charges a $1.75 pickup fee and $1.50 per mile traveled. Diego's fare for a cross-town cab ride is $19.75. How far did he travel in the cab?
In triangle ABC, angle B is five times as large as angle A. The measure of angle C is 2o less than that of angle A. Find the measures of the angles.
In triangle ABC, angle B is twice as large as angle A. Angle C measures 20o more than angle A. Find the measures of the angles.
Morgan's Seeds has a rectangular test plot with a perimeter of 322 m. The length is 25 m more than the width. Find the dimensions of the plot.
The points (-9, 4), (-2, 5), (-8, -3), and (-1, -2) are vertices of an inscribed square.
The children at Tiny Tots Day Care planted a rectangular vegetable garden with a perimeter of 39 m. The length is twice the width. Find the
The width of the soccer field recommended for players under the age of 12 is 35 yd less than the length. The perimeter of the field is 330 yd. find
Marissa is designing a poster to promote the Talbot Street Art Fair. The width of the poster will be two-thirds of its height, and its perimeter will
Water accounts for 55% of a woman's weight (ga.water.usgs.gov/edu). Lily weighs 135 lb. How much of her body weight is water?
Water accounts for 60% of a man's weight (ga.water.usgs.gov/edu). Jake weighs 186 lb. How much of his body weight is water?
A Central Railway freight train leaves a station and travels due north at a speed of 60 mph. One hour later, an Amtrak passenger train leaves the
A private airplane leaves Midway Airport and flies due east at a speed of 180 km/h. Two hours later, a jet leaves Midway and flies due east at a
A kayak moves at a rate of 12 mph in still water. If the river's current flows at a rate of 4 mph, how long does it take the boat to travel 36 mi
Angelo's kayak travels 14 km/h in still water. If the river's current flows at a rate of 2 km/h, how long will it take him to travel 20 km downstream?
An airplane that travels 450 mph in still air encounters a 30-mph headwind. How long will it take the plane to travel 1050 mi into the wind?
Center (-2, 3), tangent (touching at one point) to the y-axis
An airplane that can travel 375 mph in still air is flying with a 25-mph tailwind. How long will it take the plane to travel 700 mi with the wind?
Erica invested a total of $5000, part at 3% simple interest and part at 4% simple interest. At the end of 1 year, the investments had earned $176
Dimitri's two student loans total $9000. One loan is at 5% simple interest and the other is at 6% simple interest. At the end of 1 year, Dimitri owes
In February 2011, facebook.com had 134,078,221 unique visitors. This number of visitors was 51,604,956 less than the total number of visitors to
Together, one 8-oz serving of plain nonfat yogurt and one 1-oz serving of Swiss cheese contain 676 mg of calcium. The yogurt contains 4 mg more than
The elevations of the 31 NFL stadiums range from 3 ft at MetLife Stadium in East Rutherford, New Jersey, to 5210 ft at Sports Authority Field at Mile
There is a total of 1525 public libraries in New York and Wisconsin. There are 151 more libraries in New York than twice the number in Wisconsin.
In the Dominican Republic, factory-bottled water is the primary source of drinking water for 67% of the urban population. In 2009, the population of
A volcano that is currently about one-half mile below the surface of the Pacific Ocean near the Big Island of Hawaii will eventually become a new
Find the zero of the linear function.(a) f(x) = x + 5(b) f(x) = 5x + 20(c) f(x) = -2x + 11
Center (4, -5) tangent to the x-axis
Use the given graph to find each of the following: (a) the x-intercept and (b) the zero of the function.(a)(b)
Write a slope-intercept equation for the line containing the point (-1, 4) and parallel to the line 3x + 4y = 7.
Write an equation of the line containing the points (-5, 4) and (3, -2).
Find the distance between (2, 2) and (-3, - 10).
Find the midpoint of the segment with end points (- 1 /2, 2 / 5), and (- 3 / 2, 3 / 5).
Given that f(x) = x / x - 3, find f(-3), f(0), and f(3).
Find the slope and the y-intercept of the line with the equation 7x - y = 1 / 2.
State whether each of the following is a linear function.
(a) f(x) = 7 - 3 / 2 x
(b) f (x) = 3 / 2x + 5
(c) f(x) = x2 + 1
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