# A recent study examines chocolates effects on blood vessel function in healthy people. In the randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 11

## Question:

A recent study examines chocolate’s effects on blood vessel function in healthy people. In the randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 11 people received 46 grams (1.6 ounces) of dark chocolate (which is naturally flavonoid-rich) every day for two weeks, while a control group of 10 people received a placebo consisting of dark chocolate with low flavonoid content. Participants had their vascular health measured (by means of flow-mediated dilation) before and after the two-week study. The increase over the two-week period was measured, with larger numbers indicating greater vascular health. For the group getting the good dark chocolate, the mean increase was 1.3 with a standard deviation of 2.32, while the control group had a mean change of −0.96 with a standard deviation of 1.58.

(a) Explain what ‘‘randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study” means.

(b) Find and interpret a 95% confidence interval for the difference in means between the two groups. Be sure to clearly define the parameters you are estimating. You may assume that neither sample shows significant departures from normality.

(c) Is it plausible that there is ‘‘no difference” between the two kinds of chocolate? Justify your answer using the confidence interval found in part (b).

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**Related Book For**

## Statistics Unlocking The Power Of Data

**ISBN:** 9780470601877

1st Edition

**Authors:** Robin H. Lock, Patti Frazer Lock, Kari Lock Morgan, Eric F. Lock, Dennis F. Lock

**Question Details**

**6**- Inference for Means and Proportions

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