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The goal of your Final Paper is to describe how you would implement a major program of organizational change as if you were a senior leader of the company, using one of the following approaches: ⦁An organization-wide initiative to improve Diversity, Equity and Inclusion. ⦁Where work allows, moving from traditional “in-office” environment to remote work or a hybrid model (partly in office, partly remote). ⦁Adopting CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) as a Key organization-wide initiative. ⦁Increased automation in processes and the increase in the use of Artificial Intelligent systems. ⦁Optimizing Digital communications (all forms of video, audio and text-based communications) to replace or enhance traditional interactions. ⦁Six Sigma ⦁Organizational-wide, continuous Learning ⦁Kaizen ⦁Systems Thinking The requirements for your Final Paper are: ⦁Research the initiative you select and the business. What is at issue here is how to affect large scale organizational change. What is the company you selected doing in this regard? ⦁Answer/address these questions: ⦁What is meant by organizational change approach selection (i.e.: DEI, CSR Six Sigma, etc.)? ⦁What specific goals do you hope to achieve with this program? For example, improve Return on Investment, Market Share, reduction in errors, etc ⦁How will these goals be measured? ⦁How will the program be implemented? ⦁How will the company be structured to achieve these results? ⦁How will “buy-in” by the employees be gained? ⦁What is the role of leadership/management in the implementation of your selected organizational change approach selection? ⦁Discuss the implications for organizational culture

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1. Consider the following set of finite set of quarterly cash flows. 0 1 2 3 4 5 quarters |--------------- |---------------- |---------------- |---------------- |----------------- | $1500 $1500 $2100 $1100 $2275 Assume a required rate of return (interest rate, compounding rate) of 9% per year, compounded quarterly. What is the total present value (PV) of this set of cash flows? 2. Consider the following set of finite set of semi-annual cash flows. 0 1 2 3 4 5 half-years |--------------- |---------------- |---------------- |---------------- |----------------- | $221 $0 $175 - $100 $100 Assume a required rate of return (interest rate, compounding rate) of 4% per year, compounded semi-annually. What is the total present value (PV) of this set of cash flows? 3. Assume a series of quarterly cash flows. Each cash flow is $1500 and they continue into the foreseeable future (i.e., forever). Given an interest rate (required rate of return) of 8% per year, compounded quarterly, what is the present value of the perpetuity? 0 1 2 3 4 5 quarters |---------------- |--------------- |--------------- |---------------- |---------------- |----- . . . 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 4. Assume a series of monthly cash flows. The next (upcoming) cash flow is CF1 = $550. The cash flows will grow at a rate of 12% per year into the foreseeable future (i.e., forever). The appropriate interest rate (required rate of return) is 18% per year, compounded monthly. A. Calculate the amounts of the next three upcoming cash flows (CF1, CF2, CF3) as shown on the timeline. 0 1 2 3 months |---------------- |--------------- |--------------- |---- . . . CF1 CF2 CF3 B. What is the present value of this growing perpetuity?

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GSA Wants You Overview Your partner in Aerospace Drones is a service-disabled Iraq war veteran. You recently learned about a federal acquisition rule allowing agencies to provide sole-source and set-aside contracts to service-disabled, veteran-owned small businesses. This means agencies must devote three percent of their spending to these qualified small-business owners, a goal set by Congress. While your partner has majority (51 percent) ownership in the company, you are responsible for federal contract administration and oversight. You were recently alerted to an Energy Department RFP for drones needed for geo mapping. Now you must reply to a U.S. General Services Administration (GSA) schedules solicitation for your products. To prepare for this, you must write at 3–4 page preliminary report for your partner and senior management that details the following: Instructions Describe the electronic data interchange (EDI) or electronic submission processes and the security measures present in this approach, including the advantages over classic paper solicitations. Analyze whether your company has as much of a chance of having its bid accepted as a much larger corporation by comparing the advantages of being a small company over being a larger firm (for example, Boeing) in terms of contract administration and management. Explain how you would negotiate during the contract award process once your solicitation is accepted. Determine the value of your most favored customer or class of customers to GSA including an analysis of its impact on your small business. Assess the different marketing methods used to market to the federal government by selecting the three most effective methods you would use to market your product or service to the U.S. government.

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1. Using Anthony’s Orchard case study, explain the difference between profit center and a cost center. Give an example of each type of center and categorize Anthony’s Orchard cost centers into the following categories: (1) Business Operations, (2) Administrative, (3)Management 2. Refer to Anthony’s Orchard case study. Prepare a YR 1 budget statement for the two highest budget cost centers. The budget statement should compare current year forecast to budget and calculate variances. Be sure to identify which specific variances are significant and need to be explained. A template has been provided below. 3. Explain the difference between a bottoms-up budget and an “Actual plus Adjustment” budget. Explain when each approach is justified. 4. Historically, depreciation expenses have not been recorded. Add an adjustment to the 5-Year Plan to depreciate total assets over 10 Years. For the balance sheet, assume that fixed assets have a remaining life of 4 years, and fully depreciate in Budget Year 4. Then explain why depreciation expense is relevant in a 5-year plan. 5. For the 2 cost centers presented in the internal file share site for Week 5, identify key financial metrics (KPMs) that need to be tracked as part of the monthly budget reporting process. Then explain the difference between financial, operational, and customer service metrics. 6. Prepare a 2-3 page report summarizing your responses. Include a critical analysis of Anthony's Orchard expense structure, specifically on the 5-Year Plan trend. For example, where do expenses appear excessive or too low given some of the long term objectives of the company and SWOT analysis priorities? Budget YR 1 - Cost Centers Year 1 Budget G/L Account Management Sales Marketing & Events Orchard & Production Warehouse & Distribution Finance & Administration Total Selling & Administrative Expenses 1300 Salary & Wages 1301 200,000 200,000 120,000 125,000 125,000 100,000 870,000 FICA & FUTA 1302 14,000 14,000 8,400 8,750 8,750 7,000 60,900 Employee Benefits 1303 20,000 20,000 12,000 12,500 12,500 10,000 87,000 Property Insurance 1304 - - - 18,000 18,000 Liability Insurance 1305 15,000 - - - - 15,000 Professional Fees 1306 10,000 - - - - 10,000 Legal Fees 1307 5,000 - - - - 5,000 Personal Property Taxes 1308 - - - - 9,100 9,100 Research & Development Cost 1309 25,000 - - - - 25,000 Depreciation 1310 - - - - - Total 289,000 234,000 140,400 146,250 146,250 144,100 1,100,000 Current Year Forecast Current Year Forecast - Cost Centers G/L Account Marketing & Events Orchard & Production Warehouse & Distribution Finance & Administration Selling & Administrative Expenses Management Sales Total Salary & Wages 1301 210,000 190,000 130,000 100,000 100,000 90,000 820,000 FICA & FUTA 1302 21,000 19,000 13,000 10,000 10,000 9,000 82,000 Employee Benefits 1303 8,400 7,600 5,200 4,000 4,000 3,600 32,800 Property Insurance 1304 - - - - 15,000 15,000 Liability Insurance 1305 15,000 - - - - 15,000 Professional Fees 1306 40,000 5,000 - - 10,000 55,000 Legal Fees 1307 15,000 - - - - 15,000 Personal Property Taxes 1308 - - - - 10,000 10,000 R & D Cost 1309 5,000 - - - - 5,000 Depreciation 1310 Other 1311 5,000 10,000 10,000 - 200 - 25,200 Total 319,400 231,600 158,200 114,000 114,200 137,600 1,075,000 Budget Increase (Decrease) (30,400) 2,400 (17,800) 32,250 32,050 6,500 25,000 Template A14 Analysis of Forecast vs Budget for Cost Centers Cost Center 1 Cost Center 2 Account Description Account # Forecast Budget Variance Variance Forecast Budget Variance Variance $ % $ % Selling & Administrative Expenses G/L Account Fav (UnFav) Fav (UnFav) Fav (UnFav) Fav (UnFav) Salary & Wages 1301 $ 9 $ 10 $ 1 10.00% $ 9 $ 10 $ 1 10.00% FICA & FUTA 1302 $ - #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Employee Benefits 1303 $ - #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Property Insurance 1304 $ - #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Liability Insurance 1305 $ - #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Professional Fees 1306 $ - #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Legal Fees 1307 $ - #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Personal Property Taxes 1308 $ - #DIV/0!

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A Student's Work on the Disability IAT The student from the previous question used his random sample of 861 participants in the Disability IAT to complete the Boxplots Lab. To successfully complete the lab he needed to compare the Disability-IAT-Score for two groups from a categorical variable. He chose to work with the "Prefers" categorical variable. For the lab, he produced the following work. Stacked Boxplots: Distribution of a IAT-Disability-Score Grouped by Prefers Variables Because I chose to stack the boxplots, the quantitative variable, IAT-Disabled-Score , is graphed on the horizontal axis. The categorical variable, Prefers , is graphed on the vertical axis. Key for Prefers Labels (Vertical Axis) Prefers Subject reports: 1 = Strong preference for disabled people 2 = Moderate preference for disabled people 3 = Slight preference for disabled people 4 = Likes abled people and disabled people equally 5 = Slight preference for abled people 6 = Moderate preference for abled people 7 = Strong preference for abled people Group by: Prefers Summary Statistics for IAT-Disabled-Score Prefers n Min Q1 Median Q3 Max Strongly prefers disabled people 17 -0.7717603 -0.34175999 -0.16640724 0.46757936 0.69995677 Moderately prefers disabled people 21 -1.0824432 -0.11299241 0.32514437 0.54705833 1.5718736 Slightly prefers disabled people 65 -1.0494831 -0.28955621 0.16381421 0.51553278 1.3691551 No preference 560 -1.1576824 0.074357552 0.4191976 0.76375864 1.474671 Slightly prefers abled people 135 -0.64264575 0.22556505 0.55150998 0.85447185 1.3101415 Moderately prefers abled people 47 -0.42760332 0.33915022 0.62933161 0.99255436 1.4470579 Strongly prefers abled people 16 -0.56368157 0.63633898 0.84506041 0.95243112 1.5150084 Interpreting the Disability IAT (By clicking on the "variables description" link for the Disability IAT, the student had access to the following information about interpreting Disability-IAT-Score.) The Disability IAT measures implicit biases related to disabled persons compared to abled persons. More positive scores on the Disability IAT mean: A stronger association between disabled and bad OR abled and good . More negative scores on the Disability IAT mean: A stronger association between disabled and good OR abled and bad . Flag question: Question 8 To answer one of the questions in the Boxplots Lab, the student needed to compare the Disability-IAT-Score for two groups of the categorical variable. He chose to compare the following groups. Group 1 (strong preference for disabled people) Group 7 (strong preference for abled people) He did a great job in choosing these two groups for the comparison. The boxes do not overlap for these groups. This makes using percentages in the comparison much easier. However, after that he struggled with writing the comparisons. First he needed to describe the distribution of Disability-IAT-Scores for Group 1. Then he needed to describe the distribution of Disability-IAT-Scores for Group 7. After that he needed to compare the two distributions. The following statements do not form a complete comparison. Nevertheless, which of the statements should have been included in his comparison? Group of answer choices A) The median IAT score for each group represents the typical implicit attitude toward abled/disabled people. B) The median IAT score for the group with a strong preference for disabled people does not align with the the group's stated (explicit) preference for abled or disabled people. C) We see that 75% of the group with a stated strong preference for the abled people (Group 7) scored higher on the Disability IAT than 75% of the group with a stated strong preference for disabled people. This indicates that their strongly stated preferences align with their implicit associations on the IAT. D) When we consider the typical range of IAT scores (Q1 to Q3), the group of participants who explicitly indicate a strong preference for abled people are more consistent in demonstrating that preference implicitly through the Disability IAT test.

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Course Code BMGT380 Course Name: Business Ethics Assessment: Assignment 2 (Case Study) Submission Deadline: 5/3/2020 Instructions: Read the case study below, then answer the questions that follow At iCare Hospital, Dr. Jole received six patients who looked very ill. After running some blood tests and reading the results, he found out that all of the patients were suffering from disease X Unfortunately, and due to certain situations taking place in the country, there had been only one syringe of 10 ml. of medication for disease X available in the hospital Dr. John realized that five of these patients were past criminals and had recently finished their jail sentences. They were all suffering from a moderate level of the disease and each one of them needed only 2 ml. of the medication to get cured. However, the sixth patient Rami was a commendable man whose health case was severe and needed the whole 10 ml of the medication in order to be cured. Thus, Dr. John had to either give the full medication to Rami, or to let the five other patients share it. On another note, the hospital threw the syringes that Dr. John used while running the blood tests in the nearest waste basket instead of discarding them in a biohazard container specialized for sharp contaminated objects. Unfortunately, animals eating from the garbage where the syringes were thrown came in contact with the contaminated needles and started spreading the disease all over the city. Questions 1. By applying the Utilitarian approach, what decision would have been taken by Dr. John with respect to the medication? Justify your answer (25 marks). 2. Assume that Dr. John decided to divide the 10 ml. of the medication among the six patients and give each of them an amount of 1.6 mL pretending that they all received the adequate amount needed in order to be cured. Judge the morality of such a decision from a Kantian perspective (25 marks). 3. Who were the victims of the action of disposing the blood test syringes in the nearest waste garbage? How these victims were affected? (25 marks) 4. In your opinion, what corrective action would the hospital take with respect to the damage caused by the syringes? Discuss your answer (25 marks).

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Consider an OLG economy with an infinite horizon where individuals live for two periods. Suppose number of young born in a period is constant at N= N (i.e. n = 1). There is a constant stock of f money M.= M (i.e. z=1). In each young generation there are three types of individuals born: worke bankers and entrepreneurs. Workers and entrepreneurs both have y units of time available and use all of this time to work. Each unit of time spent working produces one unit of the consumption good. Here we assume that individuals only care about consuming when old. Each worker produces a different amount (some are more productive than others). Denote the amount produced by each young worker by s. Entrepreneurs have an additional ability to create capital, which has a one period return of x> 1 (an matures after one period). Finally, bankers have no endowment and do not care about consumption. Bankers in this economy simply take deposits and promise a one-period return r, and make loans at the rate r. Bankers can perfectly locate entrepreneurs to make loans and can be easily located by depositors. Finally, when a depositor needs to make a withdrawal, there is a fixed cost op that ifiey must pay to do this that does not depend on the size of the withdrawal. You can think of this cost as the cost of going to the bank, periodically answering security questions, signing-in to your account etc. (a) Young workers can either acquire money or deposit with a banker. How many goods do they receive in the next period if they acquire fiat money? (b) How many goods do they acquire in the next period if they deposit? (c) What is the rate that must be offered by bankers? (d) What are the average real rates of return on money and deposits? (e) Explain why some individuals will deposit and others will acquire money. (f) What does the banker do with deposits? (g) At what rate r does the banker lend to entrepreneurs? (h) What do entrepreneurs do with the goods they produce? (1) Assume bankers loan at rate r=x and pay rate r=x on deposits and do not consume. Why do we include them in our model? (1) Suppose the total deposits in the economy are H, and total currency is Q

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