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Emerson Department Store As a recently hired internal auditor for the Emerson Department Store (which has approximately 500 employees on its payroll), you are currently reviewing the store's procedures for preparing and distributing the weekly payroll. These procedures are as follows. • Each Monday morning the managers of the various departments (e.g., the women's clothing department, the toy department, and the home appliances department) turn in their employees' time cards for the previous week to the accountant (Morris Smith). • Morris then accumulates the total hours worked by each employee and submits this information to the store's computer centre to process the weekly payroll. • The computer centre prepares a transaction tape of employees' hours worked and then processes this tape with the employees' payroll master tape file (containing information such as each employee's Social Insurance Number, exemptions claimed, hourly wage rate, year-to-date gross wages, provincial and federal taxes withheld, and union dues deducted). • The computer prints out a payroll register indicating each employee's gross wages, deductions, and net pay for the payroll period. • The payroll register is then turned over to Morris, who, with help from the secre- taries, places the correct amount of currency in each employee's pay envelope. • The pay envelopes are provided to the department managers for distribution to their employees on Monday afternoon. To date, you have been unsuccessful in persuading the store's management to use bank direct deposit rather than currency for paying the employees. Most managers that you have talked with argue that the employees prefer to receive cash in their weekly pay envelopes so that they do not have to bother going to the bank to cash their cheques.

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Lab "The Ballistic Pendulum." The Ballistic pendulum experiment combines two conservation laws; conservation of linear momenturn and conservation of energy. If two objects collide and the only force present during the collision is the interaction between them; we could say that the total momentum of the system is conserved. Knowing that linear momentum is defined as mass in motion and calculated as: p= m-V. Then, we could write the Law as: Pi+P₂)before = (P + P₂)after For the case of the ballistic pendulum object 1 is the ball and object 2 the cage of the pendulum. Since the pendulum is not moving before the collision then its initial momentum is zero. After collision the ball and the cage travel together, they have the same velocity. Then, we could write: mV (m + M) equation 1 where: m is the mass of the ball: M is the mass of the Pendulum; Varis the initial velcoity of the ball and V is the velocity after ball-pendulum after collision equation 2 Solving for the initial velocity of the ball: Vox=+ The Conservation of Energy states that the total mechanical energy of a system states constant. Which means that if the Kinetic energy of the system decreases the potential energy increases by the same amount. We could write: TE₁ TE₂ or AKE = -AGPE Since in this case the mechanical energy is comprised of Kinetic and Gravitational potential energies and knowing that: KE = mv² and GPE = mgy In our case, the pendulum stops at the final position yz Then we find that: (m + M)V² = (m+ M)g(y₂ - y₂) equation 3 From this we find that the velocity of the ball-pendulum system V = √2g(2-₁) equation 4 m Before Collision M 5 y₂ After Collision Ballistic Pendulum of mass M before and after collision with ball of mass m.

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Question 3 (100 marks) On 1 January 2021, Aqil and Lim started... Question 3 (100 marks) On 1 January 2021, Aqil and Lim started their own printing shop by investing RM80,000 each. They decided to call their printing shop as All Time Print Sdn Bhd (ATPSB). Their shop is specializing in printing office documents and corporate souvenirs. They deposited their investment in a bank accounts with Maybank Berhad. During the month of January, below were the transactions that took place: Date of transactions: January 2021, (1) Purchased 2 computers for office used on account value at RM3,000 each. (2) Paid rent of RM3,000 to Aqil's father for renting the business premises. The rental for the month was RM1,000, whereas the balance is the deposit for two months. (3) Bought RM7,000 materials via cheque. The materials will be used for printing the office documents. (4) Bought materials from Chong Printing Bhd on credit worth RM12,000. (5) Sold corporate souvenirs to Kenanga Sdn Bhd value at RM15,000. (6) Received RM5,000 via cheque from a walk-in customer that required ATPSB to print 20 quantities of tender documents. (7) Withdrew RM3,000 from the company's bank accounts to set up petty cash funds in the office. (8) Kananga Sdn Bhd returned RM1,000 worth of souvenirs due to poor workmanship. (9) Paid salary via cheque to an accounts clerk for RM2,500. (10) Paid utility bills for RM500 using the petty cash funds. (11) Returned some materials to Chong Printing Bhd due to incorrect specifications, RM2,000. (12) Kenanga Sdn Bhd paid RM5,000 for part settlement of their accounts. (13) Received telephone bills from Telekom Malaysia Berhad (TMB). The bills stated RM500 and RM1,000 as a deposit and telephone bills respectively. (14) Obtain bank loan for RM50,000. ATPSB deposited the cash in their bank accounts. (15) Lim withdrew RM1,000 cash from the company bank accounts for his personal used. (16) Purchased printing machinery from Ahmad Printers Bhd for RM5,000. (17) Bought 500 shares of Company Y as an investment from Bursa Malaysia value at RM10,000. As the company's accountant you are required to: 1). Record the above transactions in General Journals. (15 marks) 2). Post the transactions into three column Ledger Accounts. (30 marks) 3). Prepare ATPSB's Trial Balance as at 31 January 2021. (20 marks) 4) ATPSB's Statement of Profit or Loss for the month ended 31 January 2021. (15 marks) 5) TPSB's Statement of Financial Positions as at 31 January 2021. (20 marks)

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8. Which one of the following is a positive drive? (a) Crossed flat belt drive (c) V-belt drive (b) Rope drive Chain di 9. Factor of safety for fatigue loading is the ratio of Elastic limit to the working stress Young's modulus to the ultimate tensile strength Endurance limit to the working stress Elastic limit to the yield point 10. Failure of a material is called fatigue when it fails a) b) c) d) a) c) At the elastic limit At the yield point 11. Flat belt drives are used for a. Moderate amount of power to be transmitted b. Center distance is more than 8 meter c. Center distance is not a criteria d. None of the above b) Below the elastic limit d) Below the yield point 12. As compared to belt drive, the chain drive transmits a. More power b. Less power c. Same power d. None of the above 13. In case of V belt drive, a. The belt should touch the bottom of groove in the pulley b. The belt should not touch the sides of groove in the pulley c. The belt should not touch the bottom of groove in the pulley d. None of the above 14. Rotation of driver and driven shaft is in same direction in a. Open belt drive b. Crossed belt drive c. Both types of belt arrangement as stated in (a) & (b) above d. Power driven machines 15. The power transmitted by the belt drive can be increased by a. Increasing the initial tension in the belt b. Increasing the co efficient of friction c. Increasing the belt velocity d. All of the above methods [1 mark] [1 mark] Krish X3gripp [1 mark] [1 mark] [1 mark] [1 mark] [1 mark] [1 mark]

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At the beginning of the year (2022), you had a portfolio made up of the following: 500 shares of Firm X 200 shares of Firm Y 30 bonds of Firm Z For the most recently completed year (2021), Stock X paid an annual dividend of $.87 per share. Stock Y paid an annual dividend of $4.09. You expect growth of 5% each year forever for Stock X and estimate a “k” of 10%. You expect growth of 12% for Stock Y, but for only the next three years before then having a rate of 2% forever thereafter. The “k” for stock Y is 11%. Firm Z pays a coupon rate of 6.45% on a face value of $1,000. At the beginning of the year, the bonds were yielding (YTM) 5.6% and had 15 years left until maturity. The bonds pay semi-annual coupons. (15 pts) At the beginning of the year, what value would you assign to your overall portfolio? (15 pts) The first quarter of 2022 was a horrible one for both bond and stock markets – which made you adjust many of your estimates. Specifically: You now only expect growth of 4% forever for Stock X but feel the “k” can remain at 10%. You know only expect growth of 10% for the next three years on Stock Y, followed by the same rate of 2% forever after. You think the “k” for this one needs to increase to 12%. The YTM on Bonds Z have increased to 6.1%. The time to maturity is now naturally 14.75 years. Given this – and assuming (HUGE assumption) that the assets are priced based upon the fundamental models, how much less is your portfolio worth now compared to the beginning of the quarter?

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